Tetra ethyl ammonium chloride (TEAC) is an organic salt with the chemical formula (C2H5)4NCl. It is a quaternary ammonium salt, which means it contains a nitrogen atom with four organic substituents attached to it. TEAC is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in polar solvents such as water, methanol, and ethanol.
TEAC is commonly used as a phase transfer catalyst in organic synthesis. It can facilitate the transfer of an organic molecule from one phase (e.g., an organic solvent) to another phase (e.g., an aqueous solution) by forming a complex with the molecule and carrying it across the interface between the two phases.
TEAC is also used as a surfactant in the production of certain types of polymers, such as polycarbonate and polyurethane. It can improve the compatibility between the polymer and other substances by reducing the interfacial tension between them.
Like other quaternary ammonium salts, TEAC can be toxic and irritating to the skin and eyes. It should be handled with care and stored in a cool, dry place away from sources of heat and flames.
1. What is Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride?
Ans - Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride is an organic compound with the chemical formula C8H20NCl. It is a white, water-soluble solid. It is used as an intermediate in organic syntheses and as a reagent in laboratory experiments.
2. What are the uses of Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride?
Ans - Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride is used as a reagent in organic synthesis and as a catalyst in various reactions. It is also used as a detergent, a deodorizer, a disinfectant, and a preservative.
3. How is Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride made?
Ans - Tetraethyl Ammonium Chloride is made by combining ethylene, ammonia and chlorine in a reaction vessel at high temperatures.